Asphalt shingles are a prevalent roofing material for most homeowners due to their durability, affordability, and curb appeal. They were first introduced in the market in 1901. According to a Home Innovation Research Labs Annual Consumer Practices Survey report, 70% of multi-family and single residential homeowners use asphalt shingles.

What are asphalt shingles?

Asphalt shingles are a type of roofing material with excellent waterproof properties. The manufacturers have intelligently used quality materials to ensure the durability is not questionable. Typically, a modern asphalt shingle contains the following high-end materials:

  • Fiberglass mat: The base of this roofing material is made from a fiberglass mat. The material is lightweight and very resistant to wear and tear.

  • Asphalt: The fiberglass is then coated with asphalt, which is an excellent waterproof material. Additionally, asphalt is a rigid material not susceptible to damage by weather elements.

  • Mineral granules: The mineral granules are added to the part exposed to the external environment. A common type of mineral granule used is ceramic-coated granules, which reflect harmful UV rays.

The major types of best asphalt roof shingles

Undeniably, the asphalt shingles add value to your home and maintain the integrity of your roofing structure. You can select three types of roofing types in the market depending on your budget and roofing requirements.

  1. 1-tab shingles

They are the most basic and least expensive type available in the market. The 3-tab shingles contain three separate tabs precisely crafted using the exact dimensions. The roofing design has a recurring rectangular shape separated by uniform slots, giving it an asymmetrical look.

The 3-tab shingles’ basement is made from fiberglass, while the top is covered with mineral granules. You can obtain different colors in the market, depending on your preference. Also, the horizontal appearance gives this roofing structure a minimalist impression.

Pros of 3-tab shingles

  • Lightweight roofing option
  • Very affordable
  • Can withstand weather elements
  • It can last for an average of 20 years.

Cons of 3-tab shingles

  • Compared to other types of asphalt shingles, their life span is relatively short.
  • Limited designs and styles available
  • Since they are lightweight, they are susceptible to damage by harsh weather elements.
  1. Architectural shingles

Architectural shingles are also known as dimensional or laminate shingles. They are crafted with two or more tabs. The manufacturer laminates the tabs together to give the architectural shingles increased thickness.

They are commonly referred to as high-end roofing options due to their sophisticated appearance and multi-dimensional appearance. The design and style of this roofing design highly mimic that of wood and slate roofing.

Pros of architectural shingles

  • Most durable roofing material-lasts for 30 to 50 years
  • Available in multiple roof shingle colors, designs, and styles
  • It offers a multi-dimensional appearance for your roof.
  • Protects the integrity of your roof

Cons of architectural shingles

  • Very expensive-the roofing shingles prices are 20% higher than that of 3-tab shingles.
  1. Impact-resistant shingles

The impact-resistant shingles can withstand harsh weather elements such as hails and strong winds. If you are looking for versatile roofing options with extra-protective features, impact-resistant shingles should be your option.

The shingles are constructed to be immune to any impact from the external environment. They are reinforced with strong fiber materials and asphalt that contains polymers. Polymers contained in the asphalt give the shingles a rubberizing effect.

Modification of the impact-resistant shingles increases their ability to absorb energy from strong winds and hailstone. Thus the roofing option is not susceptible to denting, cracking, or other types of roof damage.

Pros of impact resistant shingles

  • They are relatively immune to harsh weather elements.
  • Protects your roofing structure
  • Not susceptible to damage
  • Quite durable

Cons of impact resistant shingles

  • Very expensive

Why opt for asphalt shingles?

Styles and colors

Asphalt shingles are a superb roofing option for any homeowner looking for durability with the spice of unique styles and colors. Since they mimic tile, wood, or slate roofing options, it is often impossible to distinguish them.

There are innumerable color and style options available. The tabs of these roofing options are designed uniquely, and most people gravitate to them due to their aesthetic appeal.

Solar reflective properties

The modern asphalt shingles contain modern technology that reflects harmful sun rays. Colored granules incorporated in the manufacturing process reflect an average of 20% heat. It means the roofing option will come in handy during hot summers since it reduces the roof’s temperature.

Easy installation

The 3-tab shingles, architectural shingles, and impact-resistant shingles are relatively straightforward to install. Commonly, they are installed in residential, commercial, or sloped roofs. The architecture of the shingles provides incredible flexibility during the installation process.

Class A Fire Rating

The asphalt shingles are categorized as Class A fire rating. Typically, they offer superb protection against fire by minimizing the spread and penetration of fire. The roofing materials can last an average of two hours before catching fire, thus can be classified as fire-resistant materials.

Waterproof properties

The composition of this type of roofing makes them entirely waterproof. The shingles don’t absorb water and are also impervious to water. The shingles have an admirable thickness; thus, water will rarely penetrate through the roof. Also, the asphalt material is exceptionally water-resistant, making them 100% waterproof.

Improved durability

The impact-resistant and architectural shingles are exceptionally durable. Their lifespan is an average of 30 to 50 years. Since they are crafted with high-end materials, asphalt shingles are not susceptible to damages from external weather elements. However, you must ensure you hire a professional contractor who correctly installs your roofing.


Key Takeaway

Compared to other roofing materials, asphalt shingles are a versatile, affordable, and durable option. Although the tile roofing options are incredibly durable, they are susceptible to breaking after a hard impact. Also, the metal roofing is prone to corrosion after prolonged use.

The incredible features of asphalt shingles set them apart from any other type of roofing material in the market. Suppose you want an attractive, aesthetic appealing, and cost-effective roofing option. In that case, the asphalt shingles should be your number one priority.